Patent Publication Published on Thursday, December 23, 2021 [View]
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING Patent

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING - Patent Information

By Xiang LI

The METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING patent was assigned a Application Number #17447156 – by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Patent Application Number is a unique ID to identify the METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING mark in USPTO. The METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING patent was filed with the USPTO on Wednesday, September 8, 2021. This invention was filed in the category of Electricity . The applicant for METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING patent is TENCENT AMERICA LLC , PALO ALTO CA, UNITED STATES .

Patent Abstract

In a method for video decoding, coded information of a current block is received. Dimension information and partition information of the current block is determined based on the coded information, where the dimension information indicates at least one of a height, a width, and a size of the current block, and the partition information indicates a binary tree depth of a coding unit partition of the current block. A partition mode of the current block is determined as one of an intra sub-partition mode and a coding unit partition based on (i) comparisons between values of the height, the width, and the size of the current block and respective threshold values, or (i) a ratio between the value of the height and the value of the width of the current block. The current block is decoded based on the determined partition mode of the current block.
Invention Name METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING
Application Number 17447156
Application Type Patent Publication (UTILITY)
Filing Date Wednesday, September 8, 2021
Publication Number 20210400283
Publication Date Thursday, December 23, 2021
Publication Country UNITED STATES
Patent Classification:
Electricity: H04N 19/176 see more patents in this category...
Electricity: H04N 19/96 see more patents in this category...
Patent Inventor
SARATOGA CA
UNITED STATES
SANTA CLARA CA
UNITED STATES
SUNNYVALE CA
UNITED STATES
SUNNYVALE CA
UNITED STATES
SAN JOSE CA
UNITED STATES
Patent Applicant
TENCENT AMERICA LLC
PALO ALTO CA
UNITED STATES
Patent Assignee
TENCENT AMERICA LLC
PALO ALTO CA
UNITED STATES

Patent Description

INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 16/907,955, “METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING” filed on Jun. 22, 2020, which claims the benefit of priority to U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/869,009, “INTERACTION BETWEEN CU PARTITIONS AND INTRA SUB-PARTITION” filed on Jun. 30, 2019. The entire disclosures of the above-identified applications are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present disclosure describes embodiments generally related to video coding.

BACKGROUND

The background description provided herein is for the purpose of generally presenting the context of the disclosure. Work of the presently named inventors, to the extent the work is described in this background section, as well as aspects of the description that may not otherwise qualify as prior art at the time of filing, are neither expressly nor impliedly admitted as prior art against the present disclosure.

Video coding and decoding can be performed using inter-picture prediction with motion compensation. Uncompressed digital video can include a series of pictures, each picture having a spatial dimension of, for example, 1920×1080 luminance samples and associated chrominance samples. The series of pictures can have a fixed or variable picture rate (informally also known as frame rate), of, for example 60 pictures per second or 60 Hz. Uncompressed video has specific bitrate requirements. For example, 1080p60 4:2:0 video at 8 bit per sample (1920×1080 luminance sample resolution at 60 Hz frame rate) requires close to 1.5 Gbit/s bandwidth. An hour of such video requires more than 600 GBytes of storage space.

One purpose of video coding and decoding can be the reduction of redundancy in the input video signal, through compression. Compression can help reduce the aforementioned bandwidth and/or storage space requirements, in some cases by two orders of magnitude or more. Both lossless compression and lossy compression, as well as a combination thereof can be employed. Lossless compression refers to techniques where an exact copy of the original signal can be reconstructed from the compressed original signal. When using lossy compression, the reconstructed signal may not be identical to the original signal, but the distortion between original and reconstructed signals is small enough to make the reconstructed signal useful for the intended application. In the case of video, lossy compression is widely employed. The amount of distortion tolerated depends on the application; for example, users of certain consumer streaming applications may tolerate higher distortion than users of television distribution applications. The compression ratio achievable can reflect that: higher allowable/tolerable distortion can yield higher compression ratios.

A video encoder and decoder can utilize techniques from several broad categories, including, for example, motion compensation, transform, quantization, and entropy coding.

Video codec technologies can include techniques known as intra coding. In intra coding, sample values are represented without reference to samples or other data from previously reconstructed reference pictures. In some video codecs, the picture is spatially subdivided into blocks of samples. When all blocks of samples are coded in intra mode, that picture can be an intra picture. Intra pictures and their derivations such as independent decoder refresh pictures, can be used to reset the decoder state and can, therefore, be used as the first picture in a coded video bitstream and a video session, or as a still image. The samples of an intra block can be exposed to a transform, and the transform coefficients can be quantized before entropy coding. Intra prediction can be a technique that minimizes sample values in the pre-transform domain. In some cases, the smaller the DC value after a transform is, and the smaller the AC coefficients are, the fewer the bits that are required at a given quantization step size to represent the block after entropy coding.

Traditional intra coding such as known from, for example MPEG-2 generation coding technologies, does not use intra prediction. However, some newer video compression technologies include techniques that attempt, from, for example, surrounding sample data and/or metadata obtained during the encoding/decoding of spatially neighboring, and preceding in decoding order, blocks of data. Such techniques are henceforth called “intra prediction” techniques. Note that in at least some cases, intra prediction is using reference data only from the current picture under reconstruction and not from reference pictures.

There can be many different forms of intra prediction. When more than one of such techniques can be used in a given video coding technology, the technique in use can be coded in an intra prediction mode. In certain cases, modes can have submodes and/or parameters, and those can be coded individually or included in the mode codeword. Which codeword to use for a given mode/submode/parameter combination can have an impact in the coding efficiency gain through intra prediction, and so can the entropy coding technology used to translate the codewords into a bitstream.

A certain mode of intra prediction was introduced with H.264, refined in H.265, and further refined in newer coding technologies such as joint exploration model (JEM), versatile video coding (VVC), and benchmark set (BMS). A predictor block can be formed using neighboring sample values belonging to already available samples. Sample values of neighboring samples are copied into the predictor block according to a direction. A reference to the direction in use can be coded in the bitstream or may itself be predicted.

Referring to FIG. 1, depicted in the lower right is a subset of nine predictor directions known from H.265's 33 possible predictor directions (corresponding to the 33 angular modes of the 35 intra modes). The point where the arrows converge (101) represents the sample being predicted. The arrows represent the direction from which the sample is being predicted. For example, arrow (102) indicates that sample (101) is predicted from a sample or samples to the upper right, at a 45 degree angle from the horizontal. Similarly, arrow (103) indicates that sample (101) is predicted from a sample or samples to the lower left of sample (101), in a 22.5 degree angle from the horizontal.

Still referring to FIG. 1, on the top left there is depicted a square block (104) of 4×4 samples (indicated by a dashed, boldface line). The square block (104) includes 16 samples, each labelled with an “S”, its position in the Y dimension (e.g., row index) and its position in the X dimension (e.g., column index). For example, sample S21 is the second sample in the Y dimension (from the top) and the first (from the left) sample in the X dimension. Similarly, sample S44 is the fourth sample in block (104) in both the Y and X dimensions. As the block is 4×4 samples in size, S44 is at the bottom right. Further shown are reference samples that follow a similar numbering scheme. A reference sample is labelled with an R, its Y position (e.g., row index) and X position (column index) relative to block (104). In both H.264 and H.265, prediction samples neighbor the block under reconstruction; therefore no negative values need to be used.

Intra picture prediction can work by copying reference sample values from the neighboring samples as appropriated by the signaled prediction direction. For example, assume the coded video bitstream includes signaling that, for this block, indicates a prediction direction consistent with arrow (102)—that is, samples are predicted from a prediction sample or samples to the upper right, at a 45 degree angle from the horizontal. In that case, samples S41, S32, S23, and S14 are predicted from the same reference sample R05. Sample S44 is then predicted from reference sample R08.

In certain cases, the values of multiple reference samples may be combined, for example through interpolation, in order to calculate a reference sample; especially when the directions are not evenly divisible by 45 degrees.

The number of possible directions has increased as video coding technology has developed. In H.264 (year 2003), nine different direction could be represented. That increased to 33 in H.265 (year 2013), and JEM/VVC/BMS, at the time of disclosure, can support up to 65 directions. Experiments have been conducted to identify the most likely directions, and certain techniques in the entropy coding are used to represent those likely directions in a small number of bits, accepting a certain penalty for less likely directions. Further, the directions themselves can sometimes be predicted from neighboring directions used in neighboring, already decoded, blocks.

FIG. 2 shows a schematic (201) that depicts 65 intra prediction directions according to JEM to illustrate the increasing number of prediction directions over time.

The mapping of intra prediction directions bits in the coded video bitstream that represent the direction can be different from video coding technology to video coding technology; and can range, for example, from simple direct mappings of prediction direction to intra prediction mode, to codewords, to complex adaptive schemes involving most probable modes, and similar techniques. In all cases, however, there can be certain directions that are statistically less likely to occur in video content than certain other directions. As the goal of video compression is the reduction of redundancy, those less likely directions will, in a well working video coding technology, be represented by a larger number of bits than more likely directions.

SUMMARY

Aspects of the disclosure provide methods and apparatuses for video encoding/decoding. In some examples, an apparatus for video decoding includes receiving circuitry and processing circuitry.

According to an aspect of the disclosure, a method for video decoding in a decoder is provided. In the method, coded information of a current block can be received from a coded video bitstream. Dimension information and partition information of the current block can be determined based on the coded information. A partition mode of the current block can be determined as one of an intra sub-partition (ISP) mode and a coding unit partition based on the dimension information and the partition information of the current block. Further, the current block can be decoded based on the determined partition mode of the current block.

In some embodiments, the dimension information can indicate one of a height, a width, and a size of the current block based on the coded information. The partition information can indicate a binary tree (BT) depth of the coding unit partition of the current block.

In some embodiments, the partition mode can be determined not to be the ISP mode along a vertical direction of the current block in response to (i) the width of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, or (ii) the width of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. The first value can be equal to 8 pixels for a 2×N ISP partition, and 4 pixels for a 1×N ISP partition. The second value can be 8 pixels and the third value can be 32 luma samples.

In some embodiments, the partition mode can be determined not to be the ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the current block in response to (i) the height of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, or (ii) the height of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. The first value can be equal to 8 pixels for a 2×N ISP partition, and 4 pixels for a 1×N ISP partition. The second value can be 8 pixels and the third value can be 32 luma samples.

In some embodiments, a first condition can be determined. The first condition includes one of (i) the width of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the width of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. In addition, a second condition can be determined. The second condition includes one of (i) the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the height of the current block being larger than the second value, the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. Further, a corresponding context model can be determined from a set of context models in response to each of: (i) both the first condition and the second condition being true, (ii) one of the first condition and the second condition being true, and (iii) none of the first condition and the second condition being true. Thus, the partition mode of the current block can be determined according to the corresponding context model.

In some embodiments, a first condition can be determined. The first condition includes one of (i) the width of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth; and (ii) the width of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth. In addition, a second condition can be determined. The second condition includes one of (i) the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the height of the current block being larger than the second value, the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. Further, a corresponding context model can be determined from a set of context models in response to each of (i) both the first condition and the second condition being false, and (ii) at least one of the first condition and the second condition being true. Thus, the partition mode of the current block can be determined according to the corresponding context model.

In some embodiments, the partition mode can be determined not to be the ISP mode along one of a horizontal direction and a vertical direction of the current block based on a ratio of the height and the width of the current block.

In some embodiments, the current block can be partitioned into square sub-blocks in the ISP mode.

According to another aspect of the disclosure, dimension information and partition information of a current block in a current picture of a video can be determined. The dimension information can indicate at least one of a height, a width, and a size of the current block, and the partition information can indicate a binary tree (BT) depth of a coding unit partition of the current block. Subsequently, signaling information can be generated for the current block based on the dimension information and the partition information. The signaling information can indicate that a partition mode of the current block is not a intra sub-partition (ISP) mode along a vertical direction of the current block based on one of (i) the width of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the width of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. In addition, the signaling information can indicate that the partition mode of the current block is not the ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the current block based on one of (i) the height of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the height of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth.

In some embodiments, the first value can be 8 pixels, the second value can be 8 pixels, and the third value can be 32 luma samples.

Aspects of the disclosure also provide a non-transitory computer-readable medium storing instructions which when executed by a computer for video decoding cause the computer to perform the method for video decoding.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Further features, the nature, and various advantages of the disclosed subject matter will be more apparent from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of an exemplary subset of intra prediction modes.

FIG. 2 is an illustration of exemplary intra prediction directions.

FIG. 3 is a schematic illustration of a simplified block diagram of a communication system (300) in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 4 is a schematic illustration of a simplified block diagram of a communication system (400) in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 5 is a schematic illustration of a simplified block diagram of a decoder in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 6 is a schematic illustration of a simplified block diagram of an encoder in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 7 shows a block diagram of an encoder in accordance with another embodiment.

FIG. 8 shows a block diagram of a decoder in accordance with another embodiment.

FIG. 9A is an exemplary block partitioning by using Quad-tree plus binary tree (QTBT) in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 9B is an exemplary tree structure of the block partitioning by using Quad-tree plus binary tree (QTBT) in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 10A is an exemplary vertical center-side triple-tree partitioning in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 10B is an exemplary horizontal center-side triple-tree partitioning in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 11 shows 35 intra prediction modes in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 12 shows 95 intra prediction modes in accordance with an embodiment.

FIG. 13 shows a first exemplary division of a luma intra-predicted block based on Intra Sub-Partitions (ISP) coding mode.

FIG. 14 shows a second exemplary division of a luma intra-predicted block based on ISP coding mode.

FIG. 15 shows a flow chart outlining a first process example according to some embodiments of the disclosure.

FIG. 16 shows a flow chart outlining a second process example according to some embodiments of the disclosure.

FIG. 17 is a schematic illustration of a computer system in accordance with an embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

FIG. 3 illustrates a simplified block diagram of a communication system (300) according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The communication system (300) includes a plurality of terminal devices that can communicate with each other, via, for example, a network (350). For example, the communication system (300) includes a first pair of terminal devices (310) and (320) interconnected via the network (350). In the FIG. 3 example, the first pair of terminal devices (310) and (320) performs unidirectional transmission of data. For example, the terminal device (310) may code video data (e.g., a stream of video pictures that are captured by the terminal device (310)) for transmission to the other terminal device (320) via the network (350). The encoded video data can be transmitted in the form of one or more coded video bitstreams. The terminal device (320) may receive the coded video data from the network (350), decode the coded video data to recover the video pictures and display video pictures according to the recovered video data. Unidirectional data transmission may be common in media serving applications and the like.

In another example, the communication system (300) includes a second pair of terminal devices (330) and (340) that performs bidirectional transmission of coded video data that may occur, for example, during videoconferencing. For bidirectional transmission of data, in an example, each terminal device of the terminal devices (330) and (340) may code video data (e.g., a stream of video pictures that are captured by the terminal device) for transmission to the other terminal device of the terminal devices (330) and (340) via the network (350). Each terminal device of the terminal devices (330) and (340) also may receive the coded video data transmitted by the other terminal device of the terminal devices (330) and (340), and may decode the coded video data to recover the video pictures and may display video pictures at an accessible display device according to the recovered video data.

In the FIG. 3 example, the terminal devices (310), (320), (330) and (340) may be illustrated as servers, personal computers and smart phones but the principles of the present disclosure may be not so limited. Embodiments of the present disclosure find application with laptop computers, tablet computers, media players and/or dedicated video conferencing equipment. The network (350) represents any number of networks that convey coded video data among the terminal devices (310), (320), (330) and (340), including for example wireline (wired) and/or wireless communication networks. The communication network (350) may exchange data in circuit-switched and/or packet-switched channels. Representative networks include telecommunications networks, local area networks, wide area networks and/or the Internet. For the purposes of the present discussion, the architecture and topology of the network (350) may be immaterial to the operation of the present disclosure unless explained herein below.

FIG. 4 illustrates, as an example for an application for the disclosed subject matter, the placement of a video encoder and a video decoder in a streaming environment. The disclosed subject matter can be equally applicable to other video enabled applications, including, for example, video conferencing, digital TV, storing of compressed video on digital media including CD, DVD, memory stick and the like, and so on.

A streaming system may include a capture subsystem (413), that can include a video source (401), for example a digital camera, creating for example a stream of video pictures (402) that are uncompressed. In an example, the stream of video pictures (402) includes samples that are taken by the digital camera. The stream of video pictures (402), depicted as a bold line to emphasize a high data volume when compared to encoded video data (404) (or coded video bitstreams), can be processed by an electronic device (420) that includes a video encoder (403) coupled to the video source (401). The video encoder (403) can include hardware, software, or a combination thereof to enable or implement aspects of the disclosed subject matter as described in more detail below. The encoded video data (404) (or encoded video bitstream (404)), depicted as a thin line to emphasize the lower data volume when compared to the stream of video pictures (402), can be stored on a streaming server (405) for future use. One or more streaming client subsystems, such as client subsystems (406) and (408) in FIG. 4 can access the streaming server (405) to retrieve copies (407) and (409) of the encoded video data (404). A client subsystem (406) can include a video decoder (410), for example, in an electronic device (430). The video decoder (410) decodes the incoming copy (407) of the encoded video data and creates an outgoing stream of video pictures (411) that can be rendered on a display (412) (e.g., display screen) or other rendering device (not depicted). In some streaming systems, the encoded video data (404), (407), and (409) (e.g., video bitstreams) can be encoded according to certain video coding/compression standards. Examples of those standards include ITU-T Recommendation H.265. In an example, a video coding standard under development is informally known as Versatile Video Coding (VVC). The disclosed subject matter may be used in the context of VVC.

It is noted that the electronic devices (420) and (430) can include other components (not shown). For example, the electronic device (420) can include a video decoder (not shown) and the electronic device (430) can include a video encoder (not shown) as well.

FIG. 5 shows a block diagram of a video decoder (510) according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The video decoder (510) can be included in an electronic device (530). The electronic device (530) can include a receiver (531) (e.g., receiving circuitry). The video decoder (510) can be used in the place of the video decoder (410) in the FIG. 4 example.

The receiver (531) may receive one or more coded video sequences to be decoded by the video decoder (510); in the same or another embodiment, one coded video sequence at a time, where the decoding of each coded video sequence is independent from other coded video sequences. The coded video sequence may be received from a channel (501), which may be a hardware/software link to a storage device which stores the encoded video data. The receiver (531) may receive the encoded video data with other data, for example, coded audio data and/or ancillary data streams, that may be forwarded to their respective using entities (not depicted). The receiver (531) may separate the coded video sequence from the other data. To combat network jitter, a buffer memory (515) may be coupled in between the receiver (531) and an entropy decoder/parser (520) (“parser (520)” henceforth). In certain applications, the buffer memory (515) is part of the video decoder (510). In others, it can be outside of the video decoder (510) (not depicted). In still others, there can be a buffer memory (not depicted) outside of the video decoder (510), for example to combat network jitter, and in addition another buffer memory (515) inside the video decoder (510), for example to handle playout timing. When the receiver (531) is receiving data from a store/forward device of sufficient bandwidth and controllability, or from an isosynchronous network, the buffer memory (515) may not be needed, or can be small. For use on best effort packet networks such as the Internet, the buffer memory (515) may be required, can be comparatively large and can be advantageously of adaptive size, and may at least partially be implemented in an operating system or similar elements (not depicted) outside of the video decoder (510).

The video decoder (510) may include the parser (520) to reconstruct symbols (521) from the coded video sequence. Categories of those symbols include information used to manage operation of the video decoder (510), and potentially information to control a rendering device such as a render device (512) (e.g., a display screen) that is not an integral part of the electronic device (530) but can be coupled to the electronic device (530), as was shown in FIG. 5. The control information for the rendering device(s) may be in the form of Supplemental Enhancement Information (SEI messages) or Video Usability Information (VUI) parameter set fragments (not depicted). The parser (520) may parse/entropy-decode the coded video sequence that is received. The coding of the coded video sequence can be in accordance with a video coding technology or standard, and can follow various principles, including variable length coding, Huffman coding, arithmetic coding with or without context sensitivity, and so forth. The parser (520) may extract from the coded video sequence, a set of subgroup parameters for at least one of the subgroups of pixels in the video decoder, based upon at least one parameter corresponding to the group. Subgroups can include Groups of Pictures (GOPs), pictures, tiles, slices, macroblocks, Coding Units (CUs), blocks, Transform Units (TUs), Prediction Units (PUs) and so forth. The parser (520) may also extract from the coded video sequence information such as transform coefficients, quantizer parameter values, motion vectors, and so forth.

The parser (520) may perform an entropy decoding/parsing operation on the video sequence received from the buffer memory (515), so as to create symbols (521).

Reconstruction of the symbols (521) can involve multiple different units depending on the type of the coded video picture or parts thereof (such as: inter and intra picture, inter and intra block), and other factors. Which units are involved, and how, can be controlled by the subgroup control information that was parsed from the coded video sequence by the parser (520). The flow of such subgroup control information between the parser (520) and the multiple units below is not depicted for clarity.

Beyond the functional blocks already mentioned, the video decoder (510) can be conceptually subdivided into a number of functional units as described below. In a practical implementation operating under commercial constraints, many of these units interact closely with each other and can, at least partly, be integrated into each other. However, for the purpose of describing the disclosed subject matter, the conceptual subdivision into the functional units below is appropriate.

A first unit is the scaler/inverse transform unit (551). The scaler/inverse transform unit (551) receives a quantized transform coefficient as well as control information, including which transform to use, block size, quantization factor, quantization scaling matrices, etc. as symbol(s) (521) from the parser (520). The scaler/inverse transform unit (551) can output blocks comprising sample values, that can be input into aggregator (555).

In some cases, the output samples of the scaler/inverse transform (551) can pertain to an intra coded block; that is: a block that is not using predictive information from previously reconstructed pictures, but can use predictive information from previously reconstructed parts of the current picture. Such predictive information can be provided by an intra picture prediction unit (552). In some cases, the intra picture prediction unit (552) generates a block of the same size and shape of the block under reconstruction, using surrounding already reconstructed information fetched from the current picture buffer (558). The current picture buffer (558) buffers, for example, partly reconstructed current picture and/or fully reconstructed current picture. The aggregator (555), in some cases, adds, on a per sample basis, the prediction information the intra prediction unit (552) has generated to the output sample information as provided by the scaler/inverse transform unit (551).

In other cases, the output samples of the scaler/inverse transform unit (551) can pertain to an inter coded, and potentially motion compensated block. In such a case, a motion compensation prediction unit (553) can access reference picture memory (557) to fetch samples used for prediction. After motion compensating the fetched samples in accordance with the symbols (521) pertaining to the block, these samples can be added by the aggregator (555) to the output of the scaler/inverse transform unit (551) (in this case called the residual samples or residual signal) so as to generate output sample information. The addresses within the reference picture memory (557) from where the motion compensation prediction unit (553) fetches prediction samples can be controlled by motion vectors, available to the motion compensation prediction unit (553) in the form of symbols (521) that can have, for example X, Y, and reference picture components. Motion compensation also can include interpolation of sample values as fetched from the reference picture memory (557) when sub-sample exact motion vectors are in use, motion vector prediction mechanisms, and so forth.

The output samples of the aggregator (555) can be subject to various loop filtering techniques in the loop filter unit (556). Video compression technologies can include in-loop filter technologies that are controlled by parameters included in the coded video sequence (also referred to as coded video bitstream) and made available to the loop filter unit (556) as symbols (521) from the parser (520), but can also be responsive to meta-information obtained during the decoding of previous (in decoding order) parts of the coded picture or coded video sequence, as well as responsive to previously reconstructed and loop-filtered sample values.

The output of the loop filter unit (556) can be a sample stream that can be output to the render device (512) as well as stored in the reference picture memory (557) for use in future inter-picture prediction.

Certain coded pictures, once fully reconstructed, can be used as reference pictures for future prediction. For example, once a coded picture corresponding to a current picture is fully reconstructed and the coded picture has been identified as a reference picture (by, for example, the parser (520)), the current picture buffer (558) can become a part of the reference picture memory (557), and a fresh current picture buffer can be reallocated before commencing the reconstruction of the following coded picture.

The video decoder (510) may perform decoding operations according to a predetermined video compression technology in a standard, such as ITU-T Rec. H.265. The coded video sequence may conform to a syntax specified by the video compression technology or standard being used, in the sense that the coded video sequence adheres to both the syntax of the video compression technology or standard and the profiles as documented in the video compression technology or standard. Specifically, a profile can select certain tools as the only tools available for use under that profile from all the tools available in the video compression technology or standard. Also necessary for compliance can be that the complexity of the coded video sequence is within bounds as defined by the level of the video compression technology or standard. In some cases, levels restrict the maximum picture size, maximum frame rate, maximum reconstruction sample rate (measured in, for example megasamples per second), maximum reference picture size, and so on. Limits set by levels can, in some cases, be further restricted through Hypothetical Reference Decoder (HRD) specifications and metadata for HRD buffer management signaled in the coded video sequence.

In an embodiment, the receiver (531) may receive additional (redundant) data with the encoded video. The additional data may be included as part of the coded video sequence(s). The additional data may be used by the video decoder (510) to properly decode the data and/or to more accurately reconstruct the original video data. Additional data can be in the form of, for example, temporal, spatial, or signal noise ratio (SNR) enhancement layers, redundant slices, redundant pictures, forward error correction codes, and so on.

FIG. 6 shows a block diagram of a video encoder (603) according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. The video encoder (603) is included in an electronic device (620). The electronic device (620) includes a transmitter (640) (e.g., transmitting circuitry). The video encoder (603) can be used in the place of the video encoder (403) in the FIG. 4 example.

The video encoder (603) may receive video samples from a video source (601) (that is not part of the electronic device (620) in the FIG. 6 example) that may capture video image(s) to be coded by the video encoder (603). In another example, the video source (601) is a part of the electronic device (620).

The video source (601) may provide the source video sequence to be coded by the video encoder (603) in the form of a digital video sample stream that can be of any suitable bit depth (for example: 8 bit, 10 bit, 12 bit, . . . ), any colorspace (for example, BT.601 Y CrCB, RGB, . . . ), and any suitable sampling structure (for example Y CrCb 4:2:0, Y CrCb 4:4:4). In a media serving system, the video source (601) may be a storage device storing previously prepared video. In a videoconferencing system, the video source (601) may be a camera that captures local image information as a video sequence. Video data may be provided as a plurality of individual pictures that impart motion when viewed in sequence. The pictures themselves may be organized as a spatial array of pixels, wherein each pixel can comprise one or more samples depending on the sampling structure, color space, etc. in use. A person skilled in the art can readily understand the relationship between pixels and samples. The description below focuses on samples.

According to an embodiment, the video encoder (603) may code and compress the pictures of the source video sequence into a coded video sequence (643) in real time or under any other time constraints as required by the application. Enforcing appropriate coding speed is one function of a controller (650). In some embodiments, the controller (650) controls other functional units as described below and is functionally coupled to the other functional units. The coupling is not depicted for clarity. Parameters set by the controller (650) can include rate control related parameters (picture skip, quantizer, lambda value of rate-distortion optimization techniques, . . . ), picture size, group of pictures (GOP) layout, maximum motion vector search range, and so forth. The controller (650) can be configured to have other suitable functions that pertain to the video encoder (603) optimized for a certain system design.

In some embodiments, the video encoder (603) is configured to operate in a coding loop. As an oversimplified description, in an example, the coding loop can include a source coder (630) (e.g., responsible for creating symbols, such as a symbol stream, based on an input picture to be coded, and a reference picture(s)), and a (local) decoder (633) embedded in the video encoder (603). The decoder (633) reconstructs the symbols to create the sample data in a similar manner as a (remote) decoder also would create (as any compression between symbols and coded video bitstream is lossless in the video compression technologies considered in the disclosed subject matter). The reconstructed sample stream (sample data) is input to the reference picture memory (634). As the decoding of a symbol stream leads to bit-exact results independent of decoder location (local or remote), the content in the reference picture memory (634) is also bit exact between the local encoder and remote encoder. In other words, the prediction part of an encoder “sees” as reference picture samples exactly the same sample values as a decoder would “see” when using prediction during decoding. This fundamental principle of reference picture synchronicity (and resulting drift, if synchronicity cannot be maintained, for example because of channel errors) is used in some related arts as well.

The operation of the “local” decoder (633) can be the same as of a “remote” decoder, such as the video decoder (510), which has already been described in detail above in conjunction with FIG. 5. Briefly referring also to FIG. 5, however, as symbols are available and encoding/decoding of symbols to a coded video sequence by an entropy coder (645) and the parser (520) can be lossless, the entropy decoding parts of the video decoder (510), including the buffer memory (515), and parser (520) may not be fully implemented in the local decoder (633).

An observation that can be made at this point is that any decoder technology except the parsing/entropy decoding that is present in a decoder also necessarily needs to be present, in substantially identical functional form, in a corresponding encoder. For this reason, the disclosed subject matter focuses on decoder operation. The description of encoder technologies can be abbreviated as they are the inverse of the comprehensively described decoder technologies. Only in certain areas a more detail description is required and provided below.

During operation, in some examples, the source coder (630) may perform motion compensated predictive coding, which codes an input picture predictively with reference to one or more previously coded picture from the video sequence that were designated as “reference pictures.” In this manner, the coding engine (632) codes differences between pixel blocks of an input picture and pixel blocks of reference picture(s) that may be selected as prediction reference(s) to the input picture.

The local video decoder (633) may decode coded video data of pictures that may be designated as reference pictures, based on symbols created by the source coder (630). Operations of the coding engine (632) may advantageously be lossy processes. When the coded video data may be decoded at a video decoder (not shown in FIG. 6), the reconstructed video sequence typically may be a replica of the source video sequence with some errors. The local video decoder (633) replicates decoding processes that may be performed by the video decoder on reference pictures and may cause reconstructed reference pictures to be stored in the reference picture cache (634). In this manner, the video encoder (603) may store copies of reconstructed reference pictures locally that have common content as the reconstructed reference pictures that will be obtained by a far-end video decoder (absent transmission errors).

The predictor (635) may perform prediction searches for the coding engine (632). That is, for a new picture to be coded, the predictor (635) may search the reference picture memory (634) for sample data (as candidate reference pixel blocks) or certain metadata such as reference picture motion vectors, block shapes, and so on, that may serve as an appropriate prediction reference for the new pictures. The predictor (635) may operate on a sample block-by-pixel block basis to find appropriate prediction references. In some cases, as determined by search results obtained by the predictor (635), an input picture may have prediction references drawn from multiple reference pictures stored in the reference picture memory (634).

The controller (650) may manage coding operations of the source coder (630), including, for example, setting of parameters and subgroup parameters used for encoding the video data.

Output of all aforementioned functional units may be subjected to entropy coding in the entropy coder (645). The entropy coder (645) translates the symbols as generated by the various functional units into a coded video sequence, by lossless compressing the symbols according to technologies such as Huffman coding, variable length coding, arithmetic coding, and so forth.

The transmitter (640) may buffer the coded video sequence(s) as created by the entropy coder (645) to prepare for transmission via a communication channel (660), which may be a hardware/software link to a storage device which would store the encoded video data. The transmitter (640) may merge coded video data from the video coder (603) with other data to be transmitted, for example, coded audio data and/or ancillary data streams (sources not shown).

The controller (650) may manage operation of the video encoder (603). During coding, the controller (650) may assign to each coded picture a certain coded picture type, which may affect the coding techniques that may be applied to the respective picture. For example, pictures often may be assigned as one of the following picture types:

An Intra Picture (I picture) may be one that may be coded and decoded without using any other picture in the sequence as a source of prediction. Some video codecs allow for different types of intra pictures, including, for example Independent Decoder Refresh (“IDR”) Pictures. A person skilled in the art is aware of those variants of I pictures and their respective applications and features.

A predictive picture (P picture) may be one that may be coded and decoded using intra prediction or inter prediction using at most one motion vector and reference index to predict the sample values of each block.

A bi-directionally predictive picture (B Picture) may be one that may be coded and decoded using intra prediction or inter prediction using at most two motion vectors and reference indices to predict the sample values of each block. Similarly, multiple-predictive pictures can use more than two reference pictures and associated metadata for the reconstruction of a single block.

Source pictures commonly may be subdivided spatially into a plurality of sample blocks (for example, blocks of 4×4, 8×8, 4×8, or 16×16 samples each) and coded on a block-by-block basis. Blocks may be coded predictively with reference to other (already coded) blocks as determined by the coding assignment applied to the blocks' respective pictures. For example, blocks of I pictures may be coded non-predictively or they may be coded predictively with reference to already coded blocks of the same picture (spatial prediction or intra prediction). Pixel blocks of P pictures may be coded predictively, via spatial prediction or via temporal prediction with reference to one previously coded reference picture. Blocks of B pictures may be coded predictively, via spatial prediction or via temporal prediction with reference to one or two previously coded reference pictures.

The video encoder (603) may perform coding operations according to a predetermined video coding technology or standard, such as ITU-T Rec. H.265. In its operation, the video encoder (603) may perform various compression operations, including predictive coding operations that exploit temporal and spatial redundancies in the input video sequence. The coded video data, therefore, may conform to a syntax specified by the video coding technology or standard being used.

In an embodiment, the transmitter (640) may transmit additional data with the encoded video. The source coder (630) may include such data as part of the coded video sequence. Additional data may comprise temporal/spatial/SNR enhancement layers, other forms of redundant data such as redundant pictures and slices, SEI messages, VUI parameter set fragments, and so on.

A video may be captured as a plurality of source pictures (video pictures) in a temporal sequence. Intra-picture prediction (often abbreviated to intra prediction) makes use of spatial correlation in a given picture, and inter-picture prediction makes uses of the (temporal or other) correlation between the pictures. In an example, a specific picture under encoding/decoding, which is referred to as a current picture, is partitioned into blocks. When a block in the current picture is similar to a reference block in a previously coded and still buffered reference picture in the video, the block in the current picture can be coded by a vector that is referred to as a motion vector. The motion vector points to the reference block in the reference picture, and can have a third dimension identifying the reference picture, in case multiple reference pictures are in use.

In some embodiments, a bi-prediction technique can be used in the inter-picture prediction. According to the bi-prediction technique, two reference pictures, such as a first reference picture and a second reference picture that are both prior in decoding order to the current picture in the video (but may be in the past and future, respectively, in display order) are used. A block in the current picture can be coded by a first motion vector that points to a first reference block in the first reference picture, and a second motion vector that points to a second reference block in the second reference picture. The block can be predicted by a combination of the first reference block and the second reference block.

Further, a merge mode technique can be used in the inter-picture prediction to improve coding efficiency.

According to some embodiments of the disclosure, predictions, such as inter-picture predictions and intra-picture predictions are performed in the unit of blocks. For example, according to the HEVC standard, a picture in a sequence of video pictures is partitioned into coding tree units (CTU) for compression, the CTUs in a picture have the same size, such as 64×64 pixels, 32×32 pixels, or 16×16 pixels. In general, a CTU includes three coding tree blocks (CTBs), which are one luma CTB and two chroma CTBs. Each CTU can be recursively quadtree split into one or multiple coding units (CUs). For example, a CTU of 64×64 pixels can be split into one CU of 64×64 pixels, or 4 CUs of 32×32 pixels, or 16 CUs of 16×16 pixels. In an example, each CU is analyzed to determine a prediction type for the CU, such as an inter prediction type or an intra prediction type. The CU is split into one or more prediction units (PUs) depending on the temporal and/or spatial predictability. Generally, each PU includes a luma prediction block (PB), and two chroma PBs. In an embodiment, a prediction operation in coding (encoding/decoding) is performed in the unit of a prediction block. Using a luma prediction block as an example of a prediction block, the prediction block includes a matrix of values (e.g., luma values) for pixels, such as 8×8 pixels, 16×16 pixels, 8×16 pixels, 16×8 pixels, and the like.

FIG. 7 shows a diagram of a video encoder (703) according to another embodiment of the disclosure. The video encoder (703) is configured to receive a processing block (e.g., a prediction block) of sample values within a current video picture in a sequence of video pictures, and encode the processing block into a coded picture that is part of a coded video sequence. In an example, the video encoder (703) is used in the place of the video encoder (403) in the FIG. 4 example.

In an HEVC example, the video encoder (703) receives a matrix of sample values for a processing block, such as a prediction block of 8×8 samples, and the like. The video encoder (703) determines whether the processing block is best coded using intra mode, inter mode, or bi-prediction mode using, for example, rate-distortion optimization. When the processing block is to be coded in intra mode, the video encoder (703) may use an intra prediction technique to encode the processing block into the coded picture; and when the processing block is to be coded in inter mode or bi-prediction mode, the video encoder (703) may use an inter prediction or bi-prediction technique, respectively, to encode the processing block into the coded picture. In certain video coding technologies, merge mode can be an inter picture prediction submode where the motion vector is derived from one or more motion vector predictors without the benefit of a coded motion vector component outside the predictors. In certain other video coding technologies, a motion vector component applicable to the subject block may be present. In an example, the video encoder (703) includes other components, such as a mode decision module (not shown) to determine the mode of the processing blocks.

In the FIG. 7 example, the video encoder (703) includes the inter encoder (730), an intra encoder (722), a residue calculator (723), a switch (726), a residue encoder (724), a general controller (721), and an entropy encoder (725) coupled together as shown in FIG. 7.

The inter encoder (730) is configured to receive the samples of the current block (e.g., a processing block), compare the block to one or more reference blocks in reference pictures (e.g., blocks in previous pictures and later pictures), generate inter prediction information (e.g., description of redundant information according to inter encoding technique, motion vectors, merge mode information), and calculate inter prediction results (e.g., predicted block) based on the inter prediction information using any suitable technique. In some examples, the reference pictures are decoded reference pictures that are decoded based on the encoded video information.

The intra encoder (722) is configured to receive the samples of the current block (e.g., a processing block), in some cases compare the block to blocks already coded in the same picture, generate quantized coefficients after transform, and in some cases also intra prediction information (e.g., an intra prediction direction information according to one or more intra encoding techniques). In an example, the intra encoder (722) also calculates intra prediction results (e.g., predicted block) based on the intra prediction information and reference blocks in the same picture.

The general controller (721) is configured to determine general control data and control other components of the video encoder (703) based on the general control data. In an example, the general controller (721) determines the mode of the block, and provides a control signal to the switch (726) based on the mode. For example, when the mode is the intra mode, the general controller (721) controls the switch (726) to select the intra mode result for use by the residue calculator (723), and controls the entropy encoder (725) to select the intra prediction information and include the intra prediction information in the bitstream; and when the mode is the inter mode, the general controller (721) controls the switch (726) to select the inter prediction result for use by the residue calculator (723), and controls the entropy encoder (725) to select the inter prediction information and include the inter prediction information in the bitstream.

The residue calculator (723) is configured to calculate a difference (residue data) between the received block and prediction results selected from the intra encoder (722) or the inter encoder (730). The residue encoder (724) is configured to operate based on the residue data to encode the residue data to generate the transform coefficients. In an example, the residue encoder (724) is configured to convert the residue data from a spatial domain to a frequency domain, and generate the transform coefficients. The transform coefficients are then subject to quantization processing to obtain quantized transform coefficients. In various embodiments, the video encoder (703) also includes a residue decoder (728). The residue decoder (728) is configured to perform inverse-transform, and generate the decoded residue data. The decoded residue data can be suitably used by the intra encoder (722) and the inter encoder (730). For example, the inter encoder (730) can generate decoded blocks based on the decoded residue data and inter prediction information, and the intra encoder (722) can generate decoded blocks based on the decoded residue data and the intra prediction information. The decoded blocks are suitably processed to generate decoded pictures and the decoded pictures can be buffered in a memory circuit (not shown) and used as reference pictures in some examples.

The entropy encoder (725) is configured to format the bitstream to include the encoded block. The entropy encoder (725) is configured to include various information according to a suitable standard, such as the HEVC standard. In an example, the entropy encoder (725) is configured to include the general control data, the selected prediction information (e.g., intra prediction information or inter prediction information), the residue information, and other suitable information in the bitstream. Note that, according to the disclosed subject matter, when coding a block in the merge submode of either inter mode or bi-prediction mode, there is no residue information.

FIG. 8 shows a diagram of a video decoder (810) according to another embodiment of the disclosure. The video decoder (810) is configured to receive coded pictures that are part of a coded video sequence, and decode the coded pictures to generate reconstructed pictures. In an example, the video decoder (810) is used in the place of the video decoder (410) in the FIG. 4 example.

In the FIG. 8 example, the video decoder (810) includes an entropy decoder (871), an inter decoder (880), a residue decoder (873), a reconstruction module (874), and an intra decoder (872) coupled together as shown in FIG. 8.

The entropy decoder (871) can be configured to reconstruct, from the coded picture, certain symbols that represent the syntax elements of which the coded picture is made up. Such symbols can include, for example, the mode in which a block is coded (such as, for example, intra mode, inter mode, bi-predicted mode, the latter two in merge submode or another submode), prediction information (such as, for example, intra prediction information or inter prediction information) that can identify certain sample or metadata that is used for prediction by the intra decoder (872) or the inter decoder (880), respectively, residual information in the form of, for example, quantized transform coefficients, and the like. In an example, when the prediction mode is inter or bi-predicted mode, the inter prediction information is provided to the inter decoder (880); and when the prediction type is the intra prediction type, the intra prediction information is provided to the intra decoder (872). The residual information can be subject to inverse quantization and is provided to the residue decoder (873).

The inter decoder (880) is configured to receive the inter prediction information, and generate inter prediction results based on the inter prediction information.

The intra decoder (872) is configured to receive the intra prediction information, and generate prediction results based on the intra prediction information.

The residue decoder (873) is configured to perform inverse quantization to extract de-quantized transform coefficients, and process the de-quantized transform coefficients to convert the residual from the frequency domain to the spatial domain. The residue decoder (873) may also require certain control information (to include the Quantizer Parameter (QP)), and that information may be provided by the entropy decoder (871) (data path not depicted as this may be low volume control information only).

The reconstruction module (874) is configured to combine, in the spatial domain, the residual as output by the residue decoder (873) and the prediction results (as output by the inter or intra prediction modules as the case may be) to form a reconstructed block, that may be part of the reconstructed picture, which in turn may be part of the reconstructed video. It is noted that other suitable operations, such as a deblocking operation and the like, can be performed to improve the visual quality.

It is noted that the video encoders (403), (603), and (703), and the video decoders (410), (510), and (810) can be implemented using any suitable technique. In an embodiment, the video encoders (403), (603), and (703), and the video decoders (410), (510), and (810) can be implemented using one or more integrated circuits. In another embodiment, the video encoders (403), (603), and (603), and the video decoders (410), (510), and (810) can be implemented using one or more processors that execute software instructions.

The disclosure provides a set of advanced video coding technologies. Embodiments of the disclosure include methods for improving the performance of CU partitions and intra sub-partitions.

A CTU, such as used in HEVC, can be split into CUs by using a quadtree structure denoted as a coding tree to adapt to various local characteristics. The decision on whether to code a picture area by using inter-picture (temporal) or intra-picture (spatial) prediction can be made at the CU level. Each CU can be further split into one, two, or four PUs according to the PU splitting type. Inside one PU, the same prediction process can be applied and the relevant information can be transmitted to the decoder on a PU basis. After obtaining the residual block by applying the prediction process based on the PU splitting type, a CU can be partitioned into transform units (TUs) according to another quadtree structure like the coding tree for the CU. One key feature of the HEVC structure is that the HEVC structure can have multiple partition conceptions including CU, PU, and TU.

The quad-tree plus binary tree (QTBT) structure can remove the concepts of multiple partition types, i.e., the QTBT structure can remove the separation of the CU, PU, and TU concepts, and support more flexibility for CU partition shapes. In the QTBT structure, a CU can have either a square or rectangular shape. As shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B, a CTU can be first partitioned by a quadtree structure. The quadtree leaf nodes can further be partitioned by a binary tree structure. The binary tree splitting can include two splitting types: symmetric horizontal splitting and symmetric vertical splitting. The binary tree leaf nodes can be referred to as CUs, and segmentation based on the binary tree splitting can be used for prediction and transform processing without any further partitioning. Therefore, the CU, PU, and TU can have the same block size in the QTBT coding block structure. In an embodiment, a CU can include coding blocks (CBs) of different colour components. For example, one CU can contain one luma CB and two chroma CBs in the case of P and B slices of the 4:2:0 chroma format. In another embodiment, the CU can include a CB of a single component. For example, one CU can contain only one luma CB or just two chroma CBs in the case of I slices.

The QTBT partitioning scheme can be defined by the following parameters: CTU size, MinQTSize, MaxBTSize, MaxBTDepth, and MinBTSize. The CTU size can correspond to the root node size of a quadtree, such as in HEVC. MinQTSize can correspond to the minimum allowed quadtree leaf node size. MaxBTSize can correspond to the maximum allowed binary tree root node size. MaxBTDepth can correspond to the maximum allowed binary tree depth. MinBTSize can correspond to the minimum allowed binary tree leaf node size.

In one example of the QTBT partitioning structure, the CTU size can be set as 128×128 luma samples with two corresponding 64×64 blocks of chroma samples, the MinQTSize can be set as 16×16 luma samples, the MaxBTSize can be set as 64×64 luma samples, the MinBTSize (for both width and height) can be set as 4×4 luma samples, and the MaxBTDepth can be set as 4. The quadtree partitioning can be applied to the CTU first to generate quadtree leaf nodes. The quadtree leaf nodes may have a size from 16×16 (i.e., the MinQTSize) luma samples to 128×128 (i.e., the CTU size) luma samples. If the leaf quadtree node is 128×128 luma samples, the leaf quadtree node cannot be further split by the binary tree since the size exceeds the MaxBTSize (i.e., 64×64 luma samples). Otherwise, the leaf quadtree node can be further partitioned by the binary tree. Therefore, the quadtree leaf node can also be the root node for the binary tree with a binary tree depth of 0. When the binary tree depth reaches MaxBTDepth (i.e., 4), no further splitting is considered. When the binary tree node has a width equal to MinBTSize (i.e., 4), no further horizontal splitting is considered. Similarly, when the binary tree node has a height equal to MinBTSize, no further vertical splitting is considered. The leaf nodes of the binary tree can further be processed by prediction and transform processing without any further partitioning. In some embodiments, the maximum CTU size can be 256×256 luma samples, such as used in JEM.

FIG. 9A illustrates an exemplary block partitioning by using QTBT, and FIG. 9B illustrates a corresponding tree representation of the blocking partitioning by using QTBT. The solid lines indicate quadtree splitting and dotted lines indicate binary tree splitting. In each splitting (i.e., non-leaf) node of the binary tree, one flag is signalled to indicate which splitting type (i.e., horizontal or vertical) is used, where 0 indicates horizontal splitting and 1 indicates vertical splitting. For the quadtree splitting, the splitting type is not signalled since quadtree splitting always splits a block both horizontally and vertically to produce 4 sub-blocks with an equal size.

In addition, the QTBT scheme supports the flexibility for the luma and chroma to have a separate QTBT structure. Currently, for P and B slices, the luma and chroma CTBs in one CTU share the same QTBT structure. However, for I slices, the luma CTB can be partitioned into CUs by a QTBT structure, and the chroma CTBs can be partitioned into chroma CUs by another QTBT structure. Thus, a CU in an I slice can include, or consist of, a coding block of the luma component or coding blocks of two chroma components, and a CU in a P or B slice can include, or consist of, coding blocks of all three colour components.

Inter prediction for small blocks can be restricted to reduce the memory access of motion compensation, such as used in HEVC. For example, the bi-prediction cannot be supported for 4×8 and 8×4 blocks, and inter prediction cannot be supported for 4×4 blocks. The restrictions above can be removed in the QTBT, such as in JEM-7.0.

A Multi-type-tree (MTT) structure can further be proposed. MTT can be a more flexible tree structure than QTBT. In MTT, other than quad-tree and binary-tree, horizontal and vertical center-side triple-trees are introduced, as shown in FIGS. 10A and 10B. FIG. 10A illustrates the vertical center-side triple-trees and FIG. 10B illustrates the horizontal center-side triple-trees. Key benefits of the triple-tree partitioning can include:

(a) complement to quad-tree and binary-tree partitioning: triple-tree partitioning can capture objects which are located in a block center while quad-tree and binary-tree are always splitting along the block center; and

(b) the width and the height of the partitions of the proposed triple trees can always be a power of 2 so that no additional transforms are needed.

The design of a two-level tree is mainly motivated by complexity reduction. Theoretically, the complexity of traversing of a tree is TD, where T denotes the number of split types, and D is the depth of tree.

FIG. 11 illustrates exemplary intra prediction modes. A total of 35 intra prediction modes are illustrated in FIG. 11, for example as used in HEVC. Among the 35 intra prediction modes, mode 10 is a horizontal mode and mode 26 is a vertical mode. Modes 2, 18, and 34 are diagonal modes. The 35 intra prediction modes can be signalled by three most probable modes (MPMs) and 32 remaining modes.

FIG. 12 illustrates 95 intra prediction modes, for example as used in VVC. As shown in FIG. 12, mode 18 is a horizontal mode, mode 50 is a vertical mode, and mode 2, mode 34 and mode 66 are diagonal modes. Modes −1˜−14 and Modes 67˜80 are called Wide-Angle Intra Prediction (WAIP) modes. Exemplary relationships between the intra prediction modes and the associated angles of the intra prediction modes are listed in Table 1, where predModeIntra denotes the intra prediction modes and intraPredAngle denotes the intra prediction angles of the intra prediction modes. The precision of the intra prediction angles is 1/32. For an intra prediction mode, if an associated angle of the intra prediction mode in Table 1 is X, then an actual angle of the intra prediction mode is X/32. For example, for mode 66, an associated angle of mode 66 in Table 1 is 32, and thus an actual angle of mode 66 is 32/32.

TABLE 1Relationship between intra prediction angles and intra prediction modespredModeIntra−14−13−12−11−10−9−8−7−6−5−4−3−2−1234intraPredAngle5123412561711281028673645751453935322926predModeIntra56789101112131415161718192021intraPredAngle232018161412108643210−1−2−3predModeIntra2223242526272829303132333435363738intraPredAngle−4−6−8−10−12−14−16−18−20−23−26−29−32−29−26−23−20predModeIntra3940414243444546474849505152535455intraPredAngle−18−16−14−12−10−8−6−4−3−2−1012346predModeIntra5657585960616263646566676869707172intraPredAngle810121416182023262932353945515764predModeIntra7374757677787980intraPredAngle7386102128171256341512

Conventional angular intra prediction directions can be defined from 45 degrees to −135 degrees in clockwise direction. Several conventional angular intra prediction modes can be adaptively replaced with wide-angle intra prediction modes for non-square blocks. The replaced modes can be signaled using the original mode indexes, which are remapped to the indexes of wide angular modes after parsing. The total number of intra prediction modes is unchanged, i.e., 67, and the intra mode coding method is unchanged.

To support prediction directions of the wide-angle intra prediction modes for non-square blocks, the top reference with length 2 W+1, and the left reference with length 2H+1 can be generated.

The number of replaced modes in a wide-angular direction mode depends on the aspect ratio of a block. Exemplary replaced intra prediction modes are illustrated in Table 2. For an angular mode listed in Table 1, named as ang_mode, when W/H<1, ang_mode is mapped to 65+ang_mode, when W/H>1, ang_mode is mapped to ang_mode−67.

TABLE 2Intra prediction modes replaced by wide-angular modesAspect ratioReplaced intra prediction modesW/H == 16Modes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15W/H == 8 Modes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13W/H == 4 Modes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11W/H == 2 Modes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, W/H == 1 None W/H == 1/2Modes 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 W/H == 1/4Modes 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66 W/H == 1/8Modes 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66  W/H == 1/16Modes 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66

The ISP coding mode divides luma intra-predicted blocks vertically or horizontally into 2 or 4 sub-partitions depending on the block size dimensions, as shown in Table 1. FIGS. 13 and 14 show examples of two possibilities. FIG. 13 illustrates an exemplary division of a 4×8 block or an 8×4 block. FIG. 14 illustrates an exemplary division of a block that is not one of a 4×8 block, an 8×4 block, or a 4×4 block. All sub-partitions can fulfill the condition of having at least 16 samples. For chroma components, ISP is not applied. At most, two bins are signaled for ISP in some embodiments. The first bin can indicate whether ISP is used. If ISP is used, another bin can further be signaled to indicate the direction of ISP unless only one direction is available.

TABLE 3Number of sub-partitions depending on the block sizeBlock SizeNumber of Sub-Partitions4 × 4Not divided4 × 8 and 8 × 42All other cases4

In some embodiments, for each of these sub-partitions, a residual signal can be generated by entropy decoding the coefficients sent by the encoder and then inverse quantizing and inverse transforming the coefficients. Then, the sub-partition is intra predicted, and finally, the corresponding reconstructed samples are obtained by adding the residual signal to the prediction signal. Therefore, the reconstructed values of each sub-partition can be available to generate the prediction of the next one, which can repeat the process and so on. All sub-partitions can share the same intra mode.

In some embodiments, the ISP algorithm will only be tested with intra modes that are part of the MPM list. For this reason, if a block uses ISP, then the 1MPM flag can be inferred to be one. If ISP is used for a certain block, then the 1MPM list can be modified to exclude the DC mode and to prioritize horizontal intra modes for the ISP horizontal split and vertical intra modes for the vertical one.

In ISP, each sub-partition can be regarded as a sub-TU, since the transform and reconstruction is performed individually for each sub-partition.

CU partitioning and ISP are both partitioning methods, for example as used in VVC. However, CU partitioning and ISP may lead to the same partitions, which introduce redundancy. For example, a 32×16 block may be split into four 8×16 blocks by a two level BT split. Such partitioning may also be achieved by ISP. The present disclosure includes embodiments in which ISP mode is not used or allowed, for example to avoid redundancy. For example, vertical and/or horizontal ISP can be disallowed to avoid redundancy.

In some embodiments of the disclosure, ISP mode is not allowed for a block if a resulting partitioning of the block by ISP can be achieved by CU partitioning. In addition, when one or more ISP modes (i.e., vertical ISP, horizontal ISP, or both) is not allowed, the related syntax may be inferred without signaling.

In an embodiment, vertical ISP of a block (e.g., ISP mode along a vertical direction of the block) may not be allowed based on dimension information (e.g., width of the block) of the block and partition information (e,g., BT depth). The vertical ISP may not be allowed when a width of the block is larger than a threshold and a BT depth+2 of the CU partition is not larger than a maximum allowed BT depth, because in such a condition the partitioning result of the vertical ISP can be mimicked/operated by CU partitioning (e.g., two-level vertical BT splits). In one example, the threshold can be 8 pixels if a 1×N ISP partition (i.e., 1 pixel×N pixels ISP partition) is not allowed but a 2×N ISP partition (i.e., 2 pixels×N pixels ISP partition) is allowed. In another example, the threshold can be 4 if the 1×N ISP partition is allowed.

In an embodiment, the vertical ISP of a block may not be allowed based on dimension information (e.g., the width and a size of the block) and partition information (e.g., the BT depth). The vertical ISP may not be allowed when the width is equal to a first predefined value, a size of the block is equal to a second predefined value, and the BT depth+1 is not larger than the maximum allowed BT depth. In one example, the first predefined value can be 8 pixels and the second predefined value can be 32 luma samples.

In an embodiment, an inferred value of an ISP related syntax can indicate that ISP is not applied for the block.

It should be noted that the above embodiments are described based on the width of the block and the vertical ISP. The embodiments can also be modified to be based on a height of the block and horizontal ISP (e.g., ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the block). For example, horizontal ISP of the block may not be allowed based on dimension information (e.g., width and/or size of the block) and the partition information (e.g., BT depth).

In some embodiments of the disclosure, a context (or context model) can be selected when entropy coding ISP mode information through related ISP modes are allowed. The context can be selected according to one or more conditions for vertical and/or horizontal ISP.

A first condition for the vertical ISP can be based on dimension information (e.g., a width and/or a size of a block) and partition information (e.g., BT depth). For example, the first condition for the vertical ISP can include (a) the width of the block is larger than a threshold (e.g., 8 pixels) and the BT depth+2 is not larger than a maximum allowed BT depth, and/or (b) the width of the block is equal to a first predefined value (e.g., 8 pixels), the size of the block is equal to a second predefined value (e.g., 32 luma samples), and the BT depth+1 is not larger than the maximum allowed BT depth.

A second condition for the horizontal ISP can be defined in a similar way as the vertical ISP. For example, the second condition for the horizontal ISP can be based on dimension information (e.g., a height and/or the size of the block) and partition information (e.g., BT depth). The second condition for the horizontal ISP can include (a) a height of the block is larger than the threshold (e.g., 8 pixels) and the BT depth+2 is not larger than the maximum allowed BT depth; and/or (b) the height of the block is equal to the first predefined value (e.g., 8 pixels), the size of the block is equal to the second predefined value (e.g., 32 luma samples), and the BT depth+1 is not larger than the maximum allowed BT depth.

For the signaling of whether ISP is used, corresponding contexts can be selected based on the first condition for the vertical ISP and/or the second condition for the horizontal ISP. For example, the corresponding contexts can be selected based on whether (i) both the first condition and the second condition are true, (ii) only one of the first condition and the second condition is true, and/or (iii) both the first condition and the second condition are false.

In an embodiment, 3 contexts can be used for 3 cases respectively: (i) both the first condition and the second condition are true, (ii) one of the first condition and the second condition is true, and (iii) both the first condition and the second condition are false. In an embodiment, 2 contexts can be used for 2 cases, respectively: (i) at least one of the first condition and the second condition is true, and (ii) both the first condition and the second condition are false.

In some embodiments of the disclosure, ISP mode checking (e.g., vertical and/or horizontal ISP mode checking) can be skipped at an encoder side. For example, the ISP mode checking can be skipped based on the conditions (e.g., the first condition and the second condition) mentioned above. In an embodiment, if the first condition is met, vertical ISP is not checked at the encoder. Thus, the encoder can signal (e.g., in coded information of a coded video bitstream) a first signal (e.g., 0) that indicates the vertical ISP is not allowed in response to the first condition being true. In an embodiment, if the second condition is met, horizontal ISP is not checked at the encoder. Thus, the encoder can signal (e.g., in the coded information) a second signal (e.g., 0) that indicates the horizontal ISP is not allowed in response to the second condition being true.

In some embodiments of the disclosure, when ISP mode is applied, resulting sub partitions may be constrained to one or more shape. The resulting sub partitions by the IPS mode can be constrained to always be a square shape. For example, when ISP mode is enabled for a 4×32 block, the ISP mode can generate eight 4×4 sub-partitions.

In an embodiment, horizontal ISP can be disabled for a block based on a ratio of a height and a width of the block. For example, the horizontal ISP can be disabled when a ratio of the height of the block to the width of the block is greater than or equal to a first threshold. Exemplary first threshold values can include 4, 8, and 16.

In an embodiment, vertical ISP can be disabled for the block based on a ratio of a height and a width of the block. For example, the vertical ISP can be disabled when a ratio of the width of the block to the height of the block is greater than or equal to a second threshold. Exemplary second threshold values can include 4, 8, and 16.

The methods disclosed above can be used separately or combined in any order. Further, each of the methods (or embodiments), encoder, and decoder can be implemented by processing circuitry (e.g., one or more processors or one or more integrated circuits). In one example, the one or more processors can execute a program that is stored in a non-transitory computer-readable medium. In addition, the term of block can be interpreted as a prediction block, a coding block, or a coding unit (i.e., CU).

FIG. 15 shows a flow chart outlining a process (1500) according to an embodiment of the disclosure. FIG. 16 shows a flow chart outlining a process (1600) according to an embodiment of the disclosure. The process (1500) and the process (1600) can be used in the reconstruction of a block, so as to generate a prediction block for the block under reconstruction. In various embodiments, the process (1500) and the process (1600) are executed by processing circuitry, such as the processing circuitry in the terminal devices (310), (320), (330) and (340), the processing circuitry that performs functions of the video encoder (403), the processing circuitry that performs functions of the video decoder (410), the processing circuitry that performs functions of the video decoder (510), the processing circuitry that performs functions of the video encoder (603), and the like. In some embodiments, the process (1500) and/or the process (1600) are implemented in software instructions, thus when the processing circuitry executes the software instructions, the processing circuitry performs the process (1500) and/or the process (1600).

As shown in FIG. 15, the process (1500) starts at (S1501) and proceeds to (S1510). At (S1510), coded information of a current block can be received from a coded video bitstream. The coded information can indicate dimension information and partition information of the current block. At (S1520), the dimension information and the partition information of the current block can be determined based on the coded information. In some embodiments, the dimension information can include at least one of a height, a width, and a size of the current block based on the coded information, and the partition information can include a binary tree (BT) depth of the coding unit partition of the current block.

The process (1500) can then proceed to (S1530) where a partition mode of the current block can be determined. In some embodiments, the partition mode can be one of an intra sub-partition (ISP) mode and a coding unit partition. The specific partition mode can be determined based on the dimension information and the partition information of the current block.

In some embodiments, the partition mode can be determined not to be the ISP mode along a vertical direction of the current block in response to (i) the width of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, or (ii) the width of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. The first value can be equal to 8 pixels for a 2×N ISP partition, and 4 pixels for a 1×N ISP partition. The second value can be 8 pixels and the third value can be 32 luma samples.

In some embodiments, the partition mode can be determined not to be the ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the current block in response to (i) the height of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, or (ii) the height of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. The first value can be equal to 8 pixels for a 2×N ISP partition, and 4 pixels for a 1×N ISP partition. The second value can be 8 pixels and the third value can be 32 luma samples.

In some embodiments, a first condition can be determined. For example, the first condition is determined based on whether one of (i) the width of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the width of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. In addition, a second condition can be determined. For example, the second condition is determined based on whether one of (i) the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the height of the current block being larger than the second value, the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. Further, a corresponding context model can be determined from a set of context models in response to each of: (i) both the first condition and the second condition being true, (ii) one of the first condition and the second condition being true, and (iii) none of the first condition and the second condition being true. Thus, the partition mode of the current block can be determined according to the corresponding context model.

In some embodiments, a first condition can be determined. For example, the first condition is determined based on whether the first condition includes one of (i) the width of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth; and (ii) the width of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth. In addition, a second condition can be determined. For example, the second condition is determined based on whether the second condition includes one of (i) the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the height of the current block being larger than the second value, the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth. Further, a corresponding context model can be determined from a set of context models in response to each of (i) both the first condition and the second condition being false, and (ii) at least one of the first condition and the second condition being true. Thus, the partition mode of the current block can be determined according to the corresponding context model.

In some embodiments, the partition mode can be determined not to be the ISP mode along one of a horizontal direction and a vertical direction of the current block based on a ratio of the height and the width of the current block.

In some embodiments, in the method, the current block can be partitioned into square sub-blocks in the ISP mode.

The process (1500) can then proceed to (S1540) where the current block can be decoded based on the determined partition mode of the current block.

As shown in FIG. 16, the process (1600) starts at (S1601) and proceeds to (S1610). At (S1610), dimension information and partition information of a current block in a current picture of a video can be determined, where the dimension information can indicate at least one of a height, a width, and a size of the current block, and the partition information can indicate a binary tree (BT) depth of a coding unit partition of the current block.

The process (1600) can then proceed to (S1620). At (1620), signaling information can be generated for the current block based on the dimension information and the partition information. The signaling information can indicate that a partition mode of the current block is not a intra sub-partition (ISP) mode along a vertical direction of the current block based on one of (i) the width of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the width of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth.

The signaling information can also indicate that the partition mode of the current block is not the ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the current block based on one of (i) the height of the current block being larger than a first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the height of the current block being larger than a second value, the size of the current block being equal to a third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth.

In some embodiments, the first value can be 8 pixels, the second value can be 8 pixels, and the third value can be 32 luma samples.

The techniques described above, can be implemented as computer software using computer-readable instructions and physically stored in one or more computer-readable media. For example, FIG. 17 shows a computer system (1700) suitable for implementing certain embodiments of the disclosed subject matter.

The computer software can be coded using any suitable machine code or computer language, that may be subject to assembly, compilation, linking, or like mechanisms to create code comprising instructions that can be executed directly, or through interpretation, micro-code execution, and the like, by one or more computer central processing units (CPUs), Graphics Processing Units (GPUs), and the like.

The instructions can be executed on various types of computers or components thereof, including, for example, personal computers, tablet computers, servers, smartphones, gaming devices, internet of things devices, and the like.

The components shown in FIG. 17 for computer system (1700) are exemplary in nature and are not intended to suggest any limitation as to the scope of use or functionality of the computer software implementing embodiments of the present disclosure. Neither should the configuration of components be interpreted as having any dependency or requirement relating to any one or combination of components illustrated in the exemplary embodiment of a computer system (1700).

Computer system (1700) may include certain human interface input devices. Such a human interface input device may be responsive to input by one or more human users through, for example, tactile input (such as: keystrokes, swipes, data glove movements), audio input (such as: voice, clapping), visual input (such as: gestures), olfactory input (not depicted). The human interface devices can also be used to capture certain media not necessarily directly related to conscious input by a human, such as audio (such as: speech, music, ambient sound), images (such as: scanned images, photographic images obtain from a still image camera), video (such as two-dimensional video, three-dimensional video including stereoscopic video).

Input human interface devices may include one or more of (only one of each depicted): keyboard (1701), mouse (1702), trackpad (1703), touch screen (1710), data-glove (not shown), joystick (1705), microphone (1706), scanner (1707), camera (1708).

Computer system (1700) may also include certain human interface output devices. Such human interface output devices may be stimulating the senses of one or more human users through, for example, tactile output, sound, light, and smell/taste. Such human interface output devices may include tactile output devices (for example tactile feedback by the touch-screen (1710), data-glove (not shown), or joystick (1705), but there can also be tactile feedback devices that do not serve as input devices), audio output devices (such as: speakers (1709), headphones (not depicted)), visual output devices (such as screens (1710) to include CRT screens, LCD screens, plasma screens, OLED screens, each with or without touch-screen input capability, each with or without tactile feedback capability—some of which may be capable to output two dimensional visual output or more than three dimensional output through means such as stereographic output; virtual-reality glasses (not depicted), holographic displays and smoke tanks (not depicted)), and printers (not depicted).

Computer system (1700) can also include human accessible storage devices and their associated media such as optical media including CD/DVD ROM/RW (1720) with CD/DVD or the like media (1721), thumb-drive (1722), removable hard drive or solid state drive (1723), legacy magnetic media such as tape and floppy disc (not depicted), specialized ROM/ASIC/PLD based devices such as security dongles (not depicted), and the like.

Those skilled in the art should also understand that term “computer readable media” as used in connection with the presently disclosed subject matter does not encompass transmission media, carrier waves, or other transitory signals.

Computer system (1700) can also include an interface to one or more communication networks. Networks can for example be wireless, wireline, optical. Networks can further be local, wide-area, metropolitan, vehicular and industrial, real-time, delay-tolerant, and so on. Examples of networks include local area networks such as Ethernet, wireless LANs, cellular networks to include GSM, 3G, 4G, 5G, LTE and the like, TV wireline or wireless wide area digital networks to include cable TV, satellite TV, and terrestrial broadcast TV, vehicular and industrial to include CANBus, and so forth. Certain networks commonly require external network interface adapters that attached to certain general purpose data ports or peripheral buses (1749) (such as, for example USB ports of the computer system (1700)); others are commonly integrated into the core of the computer system (1700) by attachment to a system bus as described below (for example Ethernet interface into a PC computer system or cellular network interface into a smartphone computer system). Using any of these networks, computer system (1700) can communicate with other entities. Such communication can be uni-directional, receive only (for example, broadcast TV), uni-directional send-only (for example CANbus to certain CANbus devices), or bi-directional, for example to other computer systems using local or wide area digital networks. Certain protocols and protocol stacks can be used on each of those networks and network interfaces as described above.

Aforementioned human interface devices, human-accessible storage devices, and network interfaces can be attached to a core (1740) of the computer system (1700).

The core (1740) can include one or more Central Processing Units (CPU) (1741), Graphics Processing Units (GPU) (1742), specialized programmable processing units in the form of Field Programmable Gate Areas (FPGA) (1743), hardware accelerators for certain tasks (1744), and so forth. These devices, along with Read-only memory (ROM) (1745), Random-access memory (1746), internal mass storage such as internal non-user accessible hard drives, SSDs, and the like (1747), may be connected through a system bus (1748). In some computer systems, the system bus (1748) can be accessible in the form of one or more physical plugs to enable extensions by additional CPUs, GPU, and the like. The peripheral devices can be attached either directly to the core's system bus (1748), or through a peripheral bus (1749). Architectures for a peripheral bus include PCI, USB, and the like.

CPUs (1741), GPUs (1742), FPGAs (1743), and accelerators (1744) can execute certain instructions that, in combination, can make up the aforementioned computer code. That computer code can be stored in ROM (1745) or RAM (1746). Transitional data can be also be stored in RAM (1746), whereas permanent data can be stored for example, in the internal mass storage (1747). Fast storage and retrieve to any of the memory devices can be enabled through the use of cache memory, that can be closely associated with one or more CPU (1741), GPU (1742), mass storage (1747), ROM (1745), RAM (1746), and the like.

The computer readable media can have computer code thereon for performing various computer-implemented operations. The media and computer code can be those specially designed and constructed for the purposes of the present disclosure, or they can be of the kind well known and available to those having skill in the computer software arts.

As an example and not by way of limitation, the computer system having architecture (1700), and specifically the core (1740) can provide functionality as a result of processor(s) (including CPUs, GPUs, FPGA, accelerators, and the like) executing software embodied in one or more tangible, computer-readable media. Such computer-readable media can be media associated with user-accessible mass storage as introduced above, as well as certain storage of the core (1740) that are of non-transitory nature, such as core-internal mass storage (1747) or ROM (1745). The software implementing various embodiments of the present disclosure can be stored in such devices and executed by core (1740). A computer-readable medium can include one or more memory devices or chips, according to particular needs. The software can cause the core (1740) and specifically the processors therein (including CPU, GPU, FPGA, and the like) to execute particular processes or particular parts of particular processes described herein, including defining data structures stored in RAM (1746) and modifying such data structures according to the processes defined by the software. In addition or as an alternative, the computer system can provide functionality as a result of logic hardwired or otherwise embodied in a circuit (for example: accelerator (1744)), which can operate in place of or together with software to execute particular processes or particular parts of particular processes described herein. Reference to software can encompass logic, and vice versa, where appropriate. Reference to a computer-readable media can encompass a circuit (such as an integrated circuit (IC)) storing software for execution, a circuit embodying logic for execution, or both, where appropriate. The present disclosure encompasses any suitable combination of hardware and software.

APPENDIX A: ACRONYMS

JEM: joint exploration model
VVC: versatile video coding
BMS: benchmark set

MV: Motion VectorHEVC: High Efficiency Video CodingSEI: Supplementary Enhancement InformationVUI: Video Usability InformationGOPs: Groups of PicturesTUs: Transform Units,PUs: Prediction UnitsCTUs: Coding Tree UnitsCTBs: Coding Tree BlocksPBs: Prediction BlocksHRD: Hypothetical Reference DecoderSNR: Signal Noise RatioCPUs: Central Processing UnitsGPUs: Graphics Processing UnitsCRT: Cathode Ray TubeLCD: Liquid-Crystal DisplayOLED: Organic Light-Emitting DiodeCD: Compact DiscDVD: Digital Video DiscROM: Read-Only MemoryRAM: Random Access MemoryASIC: Application-Specific Integrated CircuitPLD: Programmable Logic DeviceLAN: Local Area Network

GSM: Global System for Mobile communications

LTE: Long-Term EvolutionCANBus: Controller Area Network BusUSB: Universal Serial BusPCI: Peripheral Component InterconnectFPGA: Field Programmable Gate Areas

SSD: solid-state drive

IC: Integrated CircuitCU: Coding Unit

While this disclosure has described several exemplary embodiments, there are alterations, permutations, and various substitute equivalents, which fall within the scope of the disclosure. It will thus be appreciated that those skilled in the art will be able to devise numerous systems and methods which, although not explicitly shown or described herein, embody the principles of the disclosure and are thus within the spirit and scope thereof

Patent Claim

1. A method for video decoding in a decoder, comprising: receiving coded information of a current block from a coded video bitstream;determining dimension information and partition information of the current block based on the coded information, the dimension information indicating at least one of a height, a width, and a size of the current block, the partition information indicating a binary tree (BT) depth of a coding unit (CU) partition of the current block;determining a partition mode of the current block as one of an intra sub-partition (ISP) mode and a coding unit partition based on (i) comparisons between values of the height, the width, and the size of the current block and respective threshold values, or (i) a ratio between the value of the height and the value of the width of the current block; anddecoding the current block based on the determined partition mode of the current block.2. The method of claim 1, wherein the threshold values comprise: a first value that is equal to 8 pixels for a 2×N ISP partition, and 4 pixels for a 1×N ISP partition,a second value that is equal to 8 pixels, anda third value that is equal to 32 luma samples.3. The method of claim 2, wherein the determining the partition mode of the current block further comprises: determining that the partition mode is not the ISP mode along a vertical direction of the current block in response to (i) the value of the width of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, or (ii) the value of the width of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth.4. The method of claim 2, wherein the determining the partition mode of the current block further comprises: determining that the partition mode is not the ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the current block in response to (i) the value of the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, or (ii) the value of the height of the current block being equal to the second value, the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth.5. The method of claim 2, wherein the determining the partition mode of the current block further comprises: determining a first condition that includes one of (i) the value of the width of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the value of the width of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth;determining a second condition that includes one of (i) the value of the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the value of the height of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth;determining a corresponding context model from a set of context models in response to each of: (i) both the first condition and the second condition being true,(ii) one of the first condition and the second condition being true, and(iii) none of the first condition and the second condition being true; anddetermining the partition mode of the current block according to the corresponding context model.6. The method of claim 2, wherein the determining the partition mode of the current block further comprises: determining a first condition that includes one of (i) the value of the width of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth; and (ii) the value of the width of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth;determining a second condition that includes one of (i) the value of the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the value of the height of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth;determining a corresponding context model from a set of context models in response to each of: (i) both the first condition and the second condition being false, and(ii) at least one of the first condition and the second condition being true; anddetermining the partition mode of the current block according to the corresponding context model.7. The method of claim 1, wherein the determining the partition mode of the current block further comprises: determining that the partition mode is not the ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the current block based on the ratio between the value of the height and the value of the width of the current block being greater than or equal to a predefined value, the predefined value being one of 4, 8, and 16.8. The method of claim 1, wherein the determining the partition mode of the current block further comprises: determining that the partition mode is not the ISP mode along a vertical direction of the current block based on the ratio between the value of the width and the value of the height of the current block being greater than or equal to a predefined value, the predefined value being one of 4, 8, and 16.9. The method of claim 1, wherein the decoding the current block comprises: partitioning the current block into square sub-blocks in the ISP mode.10. The method of claim 1, wherein the determining the partition mode of the current block further comprising: determining an inferred value based on the coded information such that the inferred value is indicative of the partition mode not being the ISP mode.11. A decoder apparatus for video decoding, comprising: processing circuitry configured to: receive coded information of a current block from a coded video bitstream;determine dimension information and partition information of the current block based on the coded information, the dimension information indicating at least one of a height, a width, and a size of the current block, the partition information indicating a binary tree (BT) depth of a coding unit (CU) partition of the current block;determine a partition mode of the current block as one of an intra sub-partition (ISP) mode and a coding unit partition based on (i) comparisons between values of the height, the width, and the size of the current block and respective threshold values, or (i) a ratio between the value of the height and the value of the width of the current block; anddecode the current block based on the determined partition mode of the current block.12. The decoder apparatus of claim 11, wherein the threshold values comprise: a first value that is equal to 8 pixels for a 2×N ISP partition, and 4 pixels for a 1×N ISP partition,a second value that is equal to 8 pixels, anda third value that is equal to 32 luma samples.13. The decoder apparatus of claim 12, wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to: determine that the partition mode is not the ISP mode along a vertical direction of the current block in response to (i) the value of the width of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, or (ii) the value of the width of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth.14. The decoder apparatus of claim 12, wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to: determine that the partition mode is not the ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the current block in response to (i) the value of the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, or (ii) the value of the height of the current block being equal to the second value, the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth.15. The decoder apparatus of claim 12, wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to: determine a first condition that includes one of (i) the value of the width of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the value of the width of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth;determine a second condition that includes one of (i) the value of the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the value of the height of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth;determine a corresponding context model from a set of context models in response to each of: (i) both the first condition and the second condition being true,(ii) one of the first condition and the second condition being true, and(iii) none of the first condition and the second condition being true; anddetermine the partition mode of the current block according to the corresponding context model.16. The decoder apparatus of claim 12, wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to: determine a first condition that includes one of (i) the value of the width of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth; and (ii) the value of the width of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than a maximum allowed BT depth;determine a second condition that includes one of (i) the value of the height of the current block being larger than the first value and the BT depth plus two being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth, and (ii) the value of the height of the current block being equal to the second value, the value of the size of the current block being equal to the third value, and the BT depth plus one being equal to or less than the maximum allowed BT depth;determine a corresponding context model from a set of context models in response to each of: (i) both the first condition and the second condition being false, and(ii) at least one of the first condition and the second condition being true; anddetermine the partition mode of the current block according to the corresponding context model.17. The decoder apparatus of claim 11, wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to: determine that the partition mode is not the ISP mode along a horizontal direction of the current block based on the ratio between the value of the height and the value of the width of the current block being greater than or equal to a predefined value, the predefined value being one of 4, 8, and 16.18. The decoder apparatus of claim 11, wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to: determine that the partition mode is not the ISP mode along a vertical direction of the current block based on the ratio between the value of the width and the value of the height of the current block being greater than or equal to a predefined value, the predefined value being one of 4, 8, and 16.19. The decoder apparatus of claim 11, wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to: determine an inferred value based on the coded information such that the inferred value is indicative of the partition mode not being the ISP mode.20. A non-transitory computer readable storage medium storing instructions which when executed by at least one processor cause the at least one processor to perform: receiving coded information of a current block from a coded video bitstream;determining dimension information and partition information of the current block based on the coded information, the dimension information indicating at least one of a height, a width, and a size of the current block, the partition information indicating a binary tree (BT) depth of a coding unit (CU) partition of the current block;determining a partition mode of the current block as one of an intra sub-partition (ISP) mode and a coding unit partition based on (i) comparisons between values of the height, the width, and the size of the current block and respective threshold values, or (i) a ratio between the value of the height and the value of the width of the current block; anddecoding the current block based on the determined partition mode of the current block.

Related U.S. Patent Documents

Date Document Number Country
Jun 22, 2020 16907955 UNITED STATES
17447156 UNITED STATES
Jun 30, 2019 62869009 UNITED STATES

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Latest Status Update

On Wednesday, September 8, 2021, Xiang LI filed a U.S. federal patent application for METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO CODING.

Xiang LI is located at Saratoga CA UNITED STATES.

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